From Babylon to Bethlehem – Messianic Hope

December 14, 2009

The Romans came to rule Judea in 63 BC. Leading up to that, the high
priests of the Hasmonean Dynasty were the de facto kings in Israel,
though their official title was Ethnarch. This dynasty began from the
Maccabees, and lasted roughly eighty years. They did not want to be
seen as usurping the rightful place of the line of David, since they
were dependent on the pious Jews. The line of David was still known
through this period, but it had fallen into obscurity. In this sense,
the Hasmonean state is a biblical anomaly, lacking any leaders truly
chosen by God. These rulers tended to be despots of a sort similar to
Oriental and Hellenistic despots. These rulers were also expansionist,
reacting to the rising birth rates of the neighboring countries. These
circumstances give rise to a large upsurge in Messianic hope.

Salome Alexandra instituted a number of changes that pleased the
Pharisees, and was fondly remembered by them for this. Her sons,
Aristobulus II and Hyrcanus, fought for the high priesthood. At this
point, Pompey comes to Israel and seeks an alliance with Hyrcanus,
since Israel had sought such an alliance before. Hyrcanus was confirmed
as high priest, but the position of king was saved for Rome, with local
political authority resting in Hyrcanus’ minister, Antipater the
Idumean. Antipater made his son Phasael governor of Jerusalem and his
other son Herod, who would be called the Great, was made governor of
Galilee. Then, in 43 BC, Antipater was poisoned and the two sons
battled for control of Judea.Messianic hope in the days of the Maccabees; the rise of the Pharisees and Salome Alexandra; Roman History.

The closing theme is Gerard Satamian’s Chansons Sans Paroles Op. 2 Pastorale, from the album Dry Fig Trees.

  • /
Update Required
To play the media you will need to either update your browser to a recent version or update your Flash plugin.

Download MP3 (47:42; 27 MB)

Acts Lecture 23 – Herod Agrippa

September 21, 2021

Acts Lecture 22 – Communion of Churches

September 14, 2021

Acts Lecture 21 – Peter and the Gentiles

September 7, 2021

Acts Lecture 20 – Cornelius the God-fearer, Part II

August 31, 2021

Acts Lecture 19 – Cornelius the God-fearer, Part I

August 24, 2021

Acts Lecture 18 – The Christians Disperse

August 17, 2021

Acts Lecture 17 – Paul in Damascus

August 10, 2021

Acts Lecture 16 – The Good Pharisee

August 3, 2021

Acts Lecture 15 – The Ethiopian Eunuch

July 20, 2021

Acts Lecture 14 – The First Heretic

July 13, 2021

Acts Lecture 13 – Saul of Tarsus

July 6, 2021

Acts Lecture 12 – The Martyrdom of Stephen, Part II

June 29, 2021

Acts Lecture 11 – The Martyrdom of Stephen, Part I

June 22, 2021

Acts Lecture 10 – The First Deacons

June 15, 2021

Acts Lecture 9 – The Growing Church

June 8, 2021

Acts Lecture 8 – The Sanhedrin

June 1, 2021

Acts Lecture 7 – The Temple

May 25, 2021

Acts Lecture 6 – Babel and Pentecost, Part II

May 18, 2021

Acts Lecture 5 – Babel and Pentecost, Part I

May 11, 2021

Acts Lecture 4 – The Infant Church, Part II

April 20, 2021

Acts Lecture 3 – The Infant Church, Part I

April 13, 2021

Acts Lecture 2 – A Book of Bridges, Part II

April 6, 2021

Acts Lecture 1 – A Book of Bridges, Part I

March 30, 2021

Job – Part 2

March 23, 2021

Job – Part 1

March 16, 2021

Isaiah Lecture 22 – Isaiah’s Complaint

March 9, 2021

Isaiah Lecture 21 – For Zion’s Sake

March 2, 2021

Isaiah Lecture 20 – Restoration

February 23, 2021