Exodus 9 – Various Laws
February 26, 2014
Exodus 21-23 forms what is known as the Book of the Covenant. This continues after the Ten Commandments with a discussion of the laws regarding slavery, as the Hebrews were just recently delivered from slavery. Slavery here should not be confused with the racial slavery that was common in Europe later. The laws on slavery describe the practice of this institution as well as the ways in which a slave may be freed.
Those who have committed violent acts may flee to a sanctuary city, but if the act is premeditated, the person will be put to death, even if that person clings to the altar of God.
The law delivered at Sinai also limits the amount of punishment to the extent of the injury, “life for life, eye for eye, tooth for tooth,” known as the lex talionis.